Smoking and surgical outcomes
The surgical outcomes of current smokers and never smokers were examined in a large US cohort comparison involving a sample of 520,795 non-cardiac surgical patients. The researchers found that smoking was associated with a 40% greater chance of 30-day mortality and a 30-100% greater chance of major morbidity including surgical site infection, pneumonia, unplanned intubation and septic shock.
Turan A, Mascha EJ, Roberman D, et al. Smoking and perioperative outcomes. Anesthesiology 2011; 114: 837-46.